We are pleased to present below all posts archived in 'April 2016'. If you still can't find what you are looking for, try using the search box.
Effective sterilization techniques are an essential part of many industries. They make it possible to produce aseptic pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products, and ensure safety in work environments where micro-organisms are manipulated.
Additionally, they allow for monoseptic processes to take place (where aseptic conditions are required as a baseline, and one type of micro-organism is then added). Over the years, many different types of sterilization methods have been developed. Here we provide an overview of seven of the most common – heat, filtration, chemical, UV irradiation, gamma irradiation, X-ray irradiation, and sonication, with particular emphasis on the first two techniques.
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The financial consequences of microbial contamination of products in a clean-room can be significant; entire batches of an order may be rejected because of small amounts of contamination. Clean-room workers hold great responsibility, and they need to be aware of what that entails.
Hormones are considered highly hazardous, with the potential to cause acute irritation, as well as long-term damage to the reproductive and other bodily systems. However, the level of risk to workers is not always the same. It depends on the type, quantity and form of hormones being produced, as well as the manipulations required and the exposure time. Generally, non-aseptic production processes carry higher risks than aseptic production processes which tend to be more isolated for workers. The Operator Exposure Level, or OEL, needs to be determined and an appropriate containment strategy developed.
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